La photo représente l'article de lecture culinaire : The tradition of barbecue: History, techniques, and tasty Recipes

The tradition of barbecue: History, techniques, and tasty Recipes

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A Culinary Tradition

Barbecue is more than just a cooking method; it’s a deeply rooted culinary tradition in various cultures around the world. Whether in North America, South America, Europe, or Asia, barbecue symbolizes conviviality, sharing, and celebration.

Explore the history of barbecue, commonly abbreviated as BBQ, with its different techniques, regional variations, and practical tips for mastering the art of barbecue in our dedicated article on this cooking technique.

History of Barbecue

The term “barbecue” originates from the Spanish word “barbacoa,” which itself comes from the Taíno word used by the indigenous peoples of the Caribbean to describe a wooden structure used for cooking food. Spanish explorers adopted this term in the 16th century and introduced it to Europe and the Americas.

The United States is especially famous for its various barbecue traditions, with distinct regional styles such as Texas barbecue, Carolina barbecue, and Kansas City barbecue (Source)​​​.

Different Barbecue Methods

Barbecue can be done in several ways, each with its own characteristics and techniques. (Affiliate links below)

Buy a Charcoal Grill

Charcoal Barbecue

Charcoal grilling is the traditional method that imparts a distinctive smoky flavor to foods. Charcoal provides consistent and long-lasting heat, making it ideal for slow and low-temperature cooking.

Buy a Gas Grill

Gaz Barbecue

Gas grilling is a convenient and quick alternative to charcoal grilling. It allows for easy temperature control and the ability to cook a variety of foods with reduced smoke.

Buy an Electric Grill

Electric Barbecue

Electric grilling is perfect for small spaces and environments where the use of charcoal or gas is not possible. Although this method doesn’t provide the same smoky flavor as the others, it is efficient and easy to use.

Barbecue around the world

Each region of the world has developed its own styles and traditions of barbecue, reflecting local ingredients and cultural preferences.

Barbecue in France: Merguez and Chipolatas

In France, barbecuing is a very popular summer activity, often associated with convivial moments with friends and family. Merguez and chipolata sausages are the undisputed stars of French grilling. Merguez, a spicy sausage of North African origin, is made from beef or lamb and seasoned with cumin, paprika, and harissa. It brings a spicy and exotic touch to any barbecue. Chipolata, on the other hand, is a milder sausage, primarily made of pork and seasoned with fine herbs like thyme and sage. These sausages are typically served with fresh salads, baguette, and various side dishes, creating a simple yet delicious dining experience that perfectly reflects the French art of living.

The French particularly enjoy barbecuing for its simplicity and communal aspect. Lighting the grill, chatting around the fire, and sharing flavorful dishes are integral parts of French summers. Whether in a garden, on a balcony, or at a picnic, barbecuing remains a symbol of relaxation and shared culinary pleasure.

BBQ in the United States

Texas Barbecue

Texas barbecue is characterized by the use of beef, particularly brisket, which is cooked slowly at low temperatures and simply seasoned with salt and pepper. Wood smokers are commonly used to infuse a rich, smoky flavor​.

Carolina Barbecue

Carolina barbecue is distinguished by its use of pork, often prepared as a whole hog or pork shoulder, and accompanied by vinegar-based sauces (North Carolina) or mustard-based sauces (South Carolina)​ (Source)​.

Elsewhere in the World

Argentinian Barbecue

In Argentina, the asado is a true institution. Cuts of meat, mainly beef, are cooked on a grill called a parilla or on metal crosses planted in the ground next to the fire. Argentinians prefer slow cooking to achieve tender and juicy meat​.

Korean Barbecue

Korean barbecue, or “samgyeopsal,” is typically done on grills built into the tables. Marinated pork or beef pieces are cooked quickly and served with a variety of sides and sauces.

Barbecue is not just for cooking meat

Barbecuing isn’t limited to cooking meats. It also offers an excellent opportunity to grill a variety of vegetables, fish, and even pizzas. Grilled vegetables such as bell peppers, zucchini, eggplant, and asparagus take on a unique, smoky flavor when cooked on the grill. They can be marinated with herbs and olive oil for added taste.

Fish is also perfect for barbecuing. Salmon fillets, tuna steaks, or even whole sardines can be grilled for a healthy and delicious meal. Fish should be cooked over medium heat to prevent it from drying out and can be simply seasoned with lemon, fresh herbs, and a bit of salt.

For an innovative touch, barbecued pizzas are becoming increasingly popular. Pizza dough, when placed directly on the grill, becomes crispy and slightly smoky. Top it with your favorite ingredients – tomato sauce, cheese, grilled vegetables, and meats – then close the lid for an evenly cooked, flavorful pizza.

These alternatives to traditional barbecuing allow for a diverse range of dishes, offering vegetarian or fish-based options that will delight all guests. Barbecuing thus becomes a true feast where everyone can find their happiness, regardless of their dietary preferences or restrictions.

Practical tips for a successful Barbecue

To master the art of barbecuing, here are some practical tips:

  • Meat Preparation: Ensure you marinate your meat for at least a few hours before cooking to enhance the flavor and tenderize the meat.
  • Temperature Control: Use a thermometer to monitor the internal temperature of the meat and avoid overcooking or undercooking.
  • Wood Usage: For authentic flavor, use wood chips such as oak, hickory, or applewood in your charcoal grill.
  • Resting the Meat: Allow the cooked meat to rest for a few minutes before slicing to let the juices redistribute, ensuring a juicy texture.

Barbecue: A social cooking experience

Beyond cooking, barbecuing is a social activity that brings people together. Whether it’s a family gathering, a party with friends, or a community event, barbecuing fosters interaction and sharing. Additionally, cooking outdoors allows you to enjoy the beautiful weather and nature, so never hesitate to fire up the grill for a great barbecue!

Discover our special barbecue recipes




Barbecue is a rich and varied culinary tradition, rooted in cultures around the world. By mastering different techniques and exploring regional variations, you can transform every barbecue into a true gastronomic celebration. Whether you are a novice or an expert, there is always something new to discover and enjoy in the art of barbecuing. So, fire up the grill and savor the simple, flavorful pleasures of barbecue.

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